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空運資訊Airlift information

  • 空運對貨物有哪些要求?
  • 本站編輯:杭州隆鑫貨運代理有限公司發布日期:2018-08-31 16:29 瀏覽次數:

 

如何選擇適合的貨物
How to choose cargo suitable for air freight
每一種貨物都有許多特性,這些特性以及貨主的實際需要將決定用怎樣的運輸方式運出這批貨物。下面從幾個角度來區分一件貨物是否適宜采用空運。
Each kind of goods has many characteristics, which, together with the actual needs of the shipper, will determine how the goods are to be transported. The following are several ways to tell whether a piece of cargo is suitable for air freight.
1、尺寸與重量限制:與動輒萬噸的貨輪不同,飛機的載貨空間和載重都需要進行精打細算,在填滿空間的同時又不能超重,這樣才能滿足航空公司的利潤需求。與海運常用的集裝箱一樣,飛機也有不同規格的各種板型,將貨物按一定規則放在板上,方便托運。飛機根據機型不同,可以分為小飛機、大飛機、寬體機等,以上次介紹到的寬體機B747-400為例,低板的尺寸限制是3X2.3X1.6(米),超過該尺寸的貨物無法上機;高板含板限重2000KGS,超重的貨物也是難以上機的。同時,為了飛機的安全考慮,航空公司會對飛機進行配重,保證飛行的安全,這也可能影響到貨物的出發。
1. Size and Weight Limitation: unlike a moving 10,000-ton cargo ship, the cargo space and load of the aircraft need to be carefully calculated, while filling the space can not be overweight, so as to meet the profit needs of the airline. Like containers commonly used by sea transportation, airplanes also have different specifications of various types of plates, cargo according to certain rules on the board, convenient for shipment. According to different aircraft types, aircraft can be divided into small aircraft, large aircraft, wide-body aircraft, and so on, the last introduced wide-body aircraft B747-400, for example, the size limit of the low plate is 3X2.3X1.6 (m), beyond the size of goods can not be on the plane; high plate with a plate weight limit of 2000KGS, overweight cargo is difficult to board. At the same time, for the sake of aircraft safety, the airline will counterweight the aircraft to ensure the safety of flight, which may also affect the cargo dispatch.
2、安全限制:飛機的造價和空運的特點決定了它更需要關注出行的安全,因此,在空運貨物的安全性上,飛機的要求會更加嚴格一些。根據航空公司各自規定的不同,它們的飛機會拒絕運輸一些危險品,如鋰電池、化工品、液體、粉末等。所以,如果貨主的貨物是以上這類貨物時,需要仔細查詢相應的航班是否接受這類貨物,以免耽誤貨物的運輸。
2. Safety Restrictions: The cost of the aircraft and the characteristics of air transport determine that it needs to pay more attention to travel safety, therefore, the safety of air cargo, the requirements of the aircraft will be more stringent. Depending on the regulations of the airlines, their aircraft will refuse to transport dangerous goods, such as lithium batteries, chemicals, liquids, powders and so on. Therefore, if the cargo owner's cargo is the above type of cargo, it is necessary to carefully inquire whether the corresponding flights accept such cargo, in order to avoid delaying the transport of the cargo.
3、運輸時間:如此繁瑣的限制和高昂的運價并非沒有回報,遠比海運快得多的速度就是空運無可取代的優點。遠洋貨輪一次會滿載許多貨物,但遙遠的航程和緩慢的速度決定了它的每一次運輸需要以月來計時。并且,一次滿載帶來的巨大貨量往往無法在一個港口內裝卸完畢,所以貨輪的選擇通常是沿著海岸線航行,每到一個港口就交易一次,這樣拖沓的時間就更難以計算了。空運則完全不同,每一次的航班通常是直達,即使沒有直達,也只有1-2個中轉點。而飛行的速度遠快于航行,這一切加起來的結果,就是國際間的空運效率相當高,正常來說10日之內即可完成整個運輸流程。在這個計劃趕不上變化的時代里,貨物可能有新鮮度,需要盡快送達,貨主也可能有特別的需求,要求急速運抵,在這樣的情況下,海運無能為力,而空運則當仁不讓。
北京福彩网3. Transportation time: such cumbersome restrictions and high freight rates are not without returns, much faster than sea transport speed is the irreplaceable advantage of air transport. Ocean-going freighters can be loaded with a lot of cargo at a time, but distant voyages and slow speeds dictate that each transport takes months to time. Moreover, the large volume of cargo brought about by a full load is often unable to be loaded and unloaded in a port, so the choice of cargo ships is usually along the coastline, trading at each port, so the delay time is more difficult to calculate. Air transport is totally different, and each flight is usually direct, even if there is no direct, there are only one or two transit points. And the speed of flight is much faster than the speed of navigation, all together, is the result of international air transport efficiency is quite high, normally within 10 days to complete the entire transport process. In an age when plans are not up to date, goods may be fresh, need to be delivered as soon as possible, and shippers may have special needs for rapid arrival. In such circumstances, there is nothing that can be done by sea, and air transport is not allowed.

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